Publications by Type: Journal Article

K.B.G.S.K.Gamlath. Service Accountability and Social Wellbeing of the Rural Community in Local Government Institutions in Sri Lanka(Special Reference to selected Pradeshiya Saba). 2018.Abstract
Abstract   The main purpose of this paper is to explore, existing nature of the local government sector with regard service delivering and social wellbeing of the grass root community who live in country side. Local government institutions are key stone of the social and economic development of the given country. Sri Lanka has a long historical evaluation process regarding local government institutions. As a modern local government institution that Pradeshiya Saba was established in 1987 at the grass root level with regard rapid acceleration of the social and economic development of the rural community.  It has given enough power, authority and privileges with regard decision making regarding social and economic development of the grass root people. Yet, after thirty years period, there are not shown sufficient improvement of the social and economic life of the people who are living in Pradeshiya Saba which is located countryside why? This trend has to be investigated through applying suitable methodology including suitable techniques. Specially, reasons for existing nature of Pradeshiya Saba should be examined by investigation of the performance of the role of local authorities. Therefore, qualitative approach such as questioners and field interviewers and discussions has been used for the gathering information’s in this regard. There are eight Pradeshiya Saba institutions has been selected for the carried out field activities in this research. Final output of the research has been indicating that weak performance of the existing Pradeshiya Saba on their service delivering has been crucially impact on social and economic wellbeing of the grass root people. Inefficiency and weak attitudes and commitment of the elective people and officers of the Pradeshiya Saba have been negatively impact on performances of the Pradeshiya Sabah in peripherals society. Final output of this research is significant regarding readjustment of performance of the elective members and officials and implementations mechanism with regard role and activities of the existing local government institutions. Also, final result of this research has been opened new path for initiate research activities for the researchers who has desire to start research in same area. Key Words: Service Accountability, Social wellbeing, Grass root Community, Pradeshiya Saba  
Yang HI, Lou K, Rajapaksha AU, Sik Ok Y, Anyia AO, Chang SX. Adsorption of ammonium in aqueous solutions by pine sawdust and wheat straw biochars. Environmental Science and Pollution Research. 2017:1–10.
Ahmad M, Ahmad M, El-Naggar AH, Usman ARA, Abduljabbar A, Vithanage M, Elfaki J, Al-Faraj A, Al-Wabel MI. Aging effect of organic and inorganic fertilizers on phosphorus fractionation in a calcareous sandy loam soil. Pedosphere. 2017.
Herath I, Vithanage M, Bundschuh J. Antimony as a global dilemma: Geochemistry, mobility, fate and transport. Environmental Pollution. 2017.
Nupearachchi CN, Mahatantila K, Vithanage M. Application of graphene for decontamination of water; Implications for sorptive removal. Groundwater for Sustainable Development. 2017;5:206-215.
Yuan Y, Bolan N, Prévoteau A, Vithanage M, Biswas JK, Sik Ok Y, Wang H. Applications of biochar in redox-mediated reactions. Bioresource technology. 2017.
Awad YM, Lee S-E, Ahmed MBM, Vu NT, Farooq M, Kim IS, Kim HS, Vithanage M, Usman ARA, Al-Wabel M. Biochar, a potential hydroponic growth substrate, enhances the nutritional status and growth of leafy vegetables. Journal of Cleaner Production. 2017;156:581-588.
Peiris C, Gunatilake SR, Mlsna TE, Mohan D, Vithanage M. Biochar based removal of antibiotic sulfonamides and tetracyclines in aquatic environments: A critical review. Bioresource technology. 2017.
Athapattu BCL, Thalgaspitiya TWLR, Yasaratne ULS, Vithanage M. Biochar-based constructed wetlands to treat reverse osmosis rejected concentrates in chronic kidney disease endemic areas in Sri Lanka. Environmental Geochemistry and Health. 2017:1-11.
Sethupathi S, Zhang M, Rajapaksha AU, Lee SR, Mohamad Nor N, Mohamed AR, Al-Wabel M, Lee SS, Sik Ok Y. Biochars as Potential Adsorbers of CH4, CO2 and H2S. Sustainability. 2017;9:121.
Herath I, Iqbal MCM, Al-Wabel MI, Abduljabbar A, Ahmad M, Usman ARA, Sik Ok Y, Vithanage M. Bioenergy-derived waste biochar for reducing mobility, bioavailability, and phytotoxicity of chromium in anthropized tannery soil. Journal of Soils and Sediments. 2017;17(3):731-740.
Madurya Adikaram, Pitawala A, Ishiga H, Jayawardana D. Chemical composition and possible sources of suspended particulate matter in the peripheral environments of Batticaloa lagoon, Sri Lanka. Regional Studies in Marine Science [Internet]. 2017. Publisher's Version
H.S. A, C.M.E. A. Comparison of Seasoning Defects due to Different Kilns and Kiln Schedules for Teak. Proceedings of International Forestry and Environment Symposium [Internet]. 2017;2017(22). Publisher's VersionAbstract
Timber is one of the major construction material in Sri Lanka and timber seasoning is a common practice for achieving dimensional stability. The industry uses timber for interior and exterior joinery work such as doors, windows, door and window frames and panelling. However, forming seasoning defects is a common issue which prevalent in this industry. Therefore this study is conducted to identify defects caused by seasoning for teak timber and to find out solutions. For this reason, there different kilns located in Biyagama, Horana and Kottawa, operated under different schedules were selected. The impacts of three schedules were tested using teak planks. Kiln temperature and moisture content were measured for the entire seasoning period. Cupping, twisting and end cracking were measured as defects. Moreover, prong test was also conducted to determine the stress condition of the dried wood samples. Among the selected kilns, only one was maintained under the operating parameters recommended by the kiln manufacturer. The results revealed that the kiln which was programmed to regulate temperature produced the least amount of defects. However, moisture content was not programed for any of the kilns. Therefore it can be concluded that temperature has more impacted on causing defects on timber drying in the seasoning period. Therefore it is essential to regulate the temperature as per with kiln schedule. Keywords: Construction industry, Timber identification, Seasoning issues, Kiln drying
Vithanage M, Seneviratne M, Ahmad M, Sarkar B, Sik Ok Y. Contrasting effects of engineered carbon nanotubes on plants: a review. Environmental geochemistry and health. 2017:1-19.
Amararatne RS, Vidanapathirana M. A crime scene fabricated as suicide. Journal of clinical and diagnostic research: JCDR. 2017;11:HD01.
Batugedara BMYUA, Lanel GHJ. DESIGNING THE TRAFFIC PHASES USING GRAPH COLOURING AND BOOK THICKNESS TO REDUCE THE TRAFFIC FOR A SELECTED JUNCTION IN COLOMBO CITY. International Journal of Advanced Research (IJAR) [Internet]. 2017;5(3):1577-1582. Publisher's Version
Devanarayana SK, Lanel GHJ. Develop a model to map client’s people development requirements and the delivery of the service to achieve effective results. International Journal of Advanced Engineering Research and Science (IJAERS) [Internet]. 2017;4(3):162-165. Publisher's Version
K.B.G.S.K.Gamlath. Dilemma of Adaptation of principles of Good Governance in Governance System in Sri Lanka. International Journal of Humanities & Social Studies [Internet]. 2017;05(08):220 - 229. Publisher's VersionAbstract
Local government is core stone of the democracy and development of the given country. Global trend of the local government has been rapidly changed and have adopted principles of good governance in practical sense in local institutional systems in the world. Local government system in Sri Lanka has to be changed with parallel to global trend in term “Good Governance”. Universal nature of Local government is significant regarding determine shape and nature of the democratic political culture of the given society as whole. Global objective of the local government is to archive millennium goals by adopting principles of good governance in practices. Sri Lanka is democratic country with consist their own local government system since long historical time line. One of the main purposes of this local government system was to enhance democratic practices by adopting universal trends and deliver rapid and quality service for the ordinary citizens for their social wellbeing. Yet, recent trend has emphasized that most of local government institutions has been reflected lack of adopting and practices of good governance principles with regard quality services in their institutional practices. Why? The overall objective of this paper is to explore the main reasons behind the failure of good governance in practices of existing local government institutions. This research, specially, focused on practices of good governance in local sphere. As a methodology, to gathering facts and information that secondary data approach has to be applied in this regard. Therefore, global literature has to be accessed for gathering information. Main scholarly writings and interpretations and arguments have been reexamined in this paper. There are many reasons has been recovered with regard failure of good governance in practices.  Specially, Ideological complexities, party dominations have been impacted on local government functions and services. Grass root social composition and elite dominations has been manipulated local institutional system and their functions. Weak civil society and their activities have been created a favorable environment for the pro - corruption bribes oriented local institutional system. As well as, electoral system and behavior of the elected people have negatively impacted on practices of good governance in local government institutions in Sri Lanka.   Keywords: Dilemma of Practices; Good Governance; Global Trends; Part domination; Local Government Institutions     
Gunethilake KMTB, Parthipan S, Vidanapathirana M, Beneragama DH. Drug resistant tachycardia and fever in a neonate: a case of systemic candidiasis. Sri Lanka Journal of Forensic Medicine, Science & Law. 2017;7.
Vithanage M, Herath I, Almaroai YA, Rajapaksha AU, Huang L, Sung J-K, Lee SS, Sik Ok Y. Effects of carbon nanotube and biochar on bioavailability of Pb, Cu and Sb in multi-metal contaminated soil. Environmental Geochemistry and Health. 2017:1-12.